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What is CBG?

CBG is a lesser-known cannabinoid, increasing in popularity in recent years. At Top Shelf Hemp Co., we want to make sure our customers stay educated on the latest information related to all of our products. In this blog post, we’re going to discover more about CBG.

What is CBG?

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a natural compound found in hemp, CBG is often referred to as the “mother of all cannabinoids”. CBGA, the acidic precursor to CBG, is found in high quantities in the cannabis plant. Nearly all the CBGA is transformed into CBDA or THCA, precursors of the CBD and THC you’re most likely familiar with. Under normal circumstances, only about 1% of a hemp plant becomes CBG. This makes it a “minor” cannabinoid.

Due to recent advancements in breeding and cultivation practices, hemp strains have been developed that approach 25% CBG. It’s formed during the flowering cycle, through the decarboxylation of CBGA, which activates the cannabinoid. Decarboxylation begins to occur when heating CBGA to 220F-260F.

CBG stimulates both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. These receptors regulate physiological processes including pain response, appetite, and mood. CBG has exhibited similar effects to CBD, however, it has a host of unique properties currently being researched.

When was CBG Discovered?

Raphael Mechoulam and Yehiel Gaoni discovered CBG in 1964. At the time it went largely unnoticed. As public opinion slowly shifted in the following years, the importance of CBG as the molecule from which most other cannabinoids can be synthesized, brought it into the spotlight.

While medical research is ongoing, it is a very promising chemical compound.

Closing Thoughts

As the “mother of all cannabinoids”, CBG holds a unique position in modern research. As always we recommend you make your own judgments and consult your doctor before consuming any cannabinoid.


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